Connecting Korea to Europe in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative

Paul Tae-Woo Lee *
Author Information & Copyright
*Ocean College, Zhejiang University, 1 Zheda Road, Zhoushan 316021, China. Corresponding author. Email:

© Copyright 2021 Korea Maritime Institute. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published Online: Dec 31, 2018


There are three ways to connect Korea to Europe, i.e., existing south-west bound maritime routes, railway by Trans-China Railway and Trans-Siberian Railway, and Polar Silk Road (Arctic Silk Road). Although China has not explicitly mentioned Korea in the BRI documents, recent policy and local governments have begun to touch upon the Korean peninsula in association with BRI. In addition, talks among the two Koreas and US have been progressing, despite its uncertainty. Having considered this circumstance, it is worthwhile to investigate the impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) on connecting Korea to Europe. This article aims to discuss some key points to make connectivity between Korea and Europe efficient in the context of the BRI and draw its implications for logistics providers and transport carriers.

Keywords: Belt and Road Initiative; Trans-China Railway; Trans-Siberian Railway; Polar Silk Road; Economic Corridor